In this artilce we will learn how to add tag in git repo using best practice and example. It is best feature in git which also allows users to tag specific version of the repository with meaningful names.
For example, you have completed 1st version of your application source deplyment and you want to tag this point with specific notation.
Let’s take a example to see how tag is useful in git-
Creating Git Tags
It is known that Git supports two types of tags: lightweight and annotated.
1-What is lightweigthed Tags ?
“A lightweight tag is very much like a branch that doesn’t change — it’s just a pointer to your specific commit.”
2-What is Annotated tags ?
Annotaed tag are stored as full objects in the Git database. In database it contains information like tagger name, email, and date; have a tagging message; and can be signed and verified with GNU Privacy Guard (GPG).
It is best practice to create annoted tag so you can have all this information in databse.
a) Create Annotated Tags-
It very simple to create an annotated tag in Git. The easiest way is to specify
-a when you run the
$ git tag -a v1.1 -m "version 1.1" $ git tag # List the existing tags v1.0 v1.1
If you want to see full details of any exiting tag, use
git show command:
git show v1.1 commit b3rs665g Author: demo <[email protected]> Date: Sun July 17 2:52:11 2021 -0200 Change version number
Push your created tag to remote repository using the command:
git push origin tag v1.1 Counting objects: 1, done. Writing objects: 100% (1/1), 266 bytes | 0 bytes/s, done. Total 1 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0) To https://github.com/dummy/demorepo.git * [new tag] v1.0 -> v1.0
b) Create Lightweight Tags
To create a lightweight tag, you need not to supply any of the
-m options, just give a tag name:
git tag v1.4-lwt $ git tag v1.0 v1.1 v1.1-lwt
To see the tags-
git show v1.1-lwt commit a2bsr39m Author: demo <[email protected]> Date: Sun July 17 3:08:11 2021 -0200 Change version number
Now let’s assume that you forgot your project or application release version(tag name) and now you want to see existing tag voersion to apply an new version, then a simple command is useful-
git log ## find the commint ID git tag -a "v1.1" -m "Release 1.1" 45ae651859729838c6c098d0029786d868b3d9d8 git push origin tag v1.1
Git tag useful commands
You can list all the existing tags available in your repository.
git tag -l v1.0 v1.1 v1.1-lwt
git checkout -b <barnch name> v1.1
git tag -d v1.0 Deleted tag 'v1.0' (was 6c098d0)
I hope given information is useful for gitops. You can also check how to change remote path in git .